Coordinator: Alex Cliffe
Institution: ZSL Whipsnade Zoo
Out of the 78 assessed pupfish species (known total is 137), 44 are known to be threatened and three extinct in the wild. For the Extinct in the Wild species, keeping an ex situ population is their only conservation option. For the other pupfish species, an insurance population is thought to be very important because it is deemed likely that the wild population will be suddenly lost. There is a mandate by IUCN for an insurance population for most of the 44 pupfish species that are known to be threatened, which is why the EEP aims to expand the number of managed species over time, as resources allow.
• Population Restoration
there may be a potential to re-establish some of the species in their former range (in line with the IUCN Reintroduction Guidelines). This means that providing disease-free, behaviorally competent, and genetically valuable individuals for release into the wild.
Research is needed on disease management, population management and reproductive biology which will be used to inform future in and ex situ conservation actions.
11 species are managed in this EEP which can be found below
|La Palma pupfish (Cyprinodon longidorsalis)||Extinct in the wild|
|Charco pupfish (C. veronicae)||Extinct in the wild|
|Potosi pupfish (C. alvarezi)||Extinct in the wild|
|Mezquital pupfish (C. meeki)||Endangered|
|Julimes Pupfish (C. julimes)||Critically Endangered|
|San Ignacio (C. bobmilleri)||Vulnerable|
|Anatolian killifish (Aphanius transgrediens)||Critically Endangered|
|Danford’s killifish (A. danfordii)||Critically Endangered|
|Lake Salda killifish (A. saldae)||Not Evaluated|
|Sirhani killifish (A. sirhani)||Critically Endangered|
|Apodus killifish (A. apodus)||Data Deficient|
This work is supported by the European Union LIFE NGO funding programme. The European Union is not responsible for the views displayed in publications and/or in conjunction with the activities for which the grant is used.